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摘要

本篇出處 逢甲學報 26 民82.11 頁107-123
篇名 Stackelberg競局下生產與區位決策之整合研究
作者 蕭再安
中文摘要        競爭性設施區位問題為晚近十幾年來的新興研究領域,過去 的研究已成功地發展Stackelberg 競爭模式,將生產與區位決策一併 處理,惟模式構建仍不夠週延,且求解結果只是局部最適解,無 法保証為整體最適解。 有鑑於此,本文針對競爭性設施區位問題,提出在Stackelberg 競 爭局面下之模式構建及問題求解,並以應用例加以說明。本文不 僅在模式構建上考慮較週延,而且成功地以最適化方法求得整體 最適解。另外,本文亦提出啟發式演算法,俾求解較大規模問題。 經比較最適化方法發現無論在求解結果之精確度,或是求解問題 之規模上,本文所發展之啟發式解法預期皆可獲得良好績效。
英文摘要        Competitive facility location problem has been the latest research domain for the past decade. Stackelberg competition model has been successfully developed from past research, dealing production and location decision marcing as a whole, in addition, as only the solution method for local optima is considered as well with its incomprehensive model structure, global optimum cannot be assured to have been obtained from it. As a result, this paper will focus on competitive facility location problem, and put forward model structure and solution method in the Stackelberg Game with examples for elucidation. Not only has this paper placed exhaustive thoughts on model formulation, but also resolved successfully to global optimum through optimization technique. Further- more, heuristic algorithm has also been employed in this paper so as to solve problems of grander scale. With optimization technique compared, it has been found that either the result precision or the scale of problem can both be expected to have achieved satisfactory performance through the heuristic algorithm developed in this paper.