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臺灣期刊論文索引

摘要

本篇出處 花蓮師院學報 9 民88.06 頁177-226
篇名 花蓮縣阿美族兒童的族群認同發展之研究
作者 陳麗華 ; 劉美慧
中文摘要        本研究對花蓮縣阿美族兒童的族群認同情形,進行橫斷取向的發展性研究。選取 不同年齡層, 包括幼稚園中班( 4 足歲)、大班( 5 足歲)、國小二年級( 7 足歲)、 四年級( 9 足歲)和六年級( 11 足歲)的花蓮縣阿美族兒童為研究對象, 以半結構訪談 法和問卷調查法,探討其族群認同發展的情形。並同時隨機抽取該阿美族兒童就讀班級中的 漢人兒童,進行相同的半結構訪談及探討,以進行阿美族和漢族兒童的對照比較。研究結果 獲致以下結論: 一、就所選取的樣本來看, 花蓮縣阿美族兒童的族群認同發展約可分成 4、5 歲和 7、9、 11 歲兩個年齡階段。 二、隨著年齡增長,阿美族兒童對於族群的知覺愈敏銳;愈能正確辨識自己的族群歸屬;對 自己族群身分的認同愈堅定;愈常參與族群文化行為;與本族的族群距離愈密切。 三、阿美族兒童的族群知覺得分比漢族兒童低,但是族群辨識比漢族兒童高。 四、阿美族兒童在選玩伴時,漢族兒童比阿美族兒童受歡迎;他們對漢族的意象比對阿美族 的意象來得積極;在選擇最想當哪一族群的人時,他們對漢族身分的偏好高於對阿美族身分 的偏好。 五、大多數的阿美族兒童對其本族的認同堅定,然而估計大約 14-22% 可能有族群認同迷失 的情形。 六、只有 17% 的阿美族兒童在家「常常」使用阿美族母語交談。 顯示有相當比例的花蓮縣 阿美族兒童與其本族文化有某種程度的隔閡。
英文摘要        This study aimed to investigate the development of ethnic identity among Amis children living in Hua-lien County, Taiwan. A clinical interview with tools and an inventory for investigating ethnic identity and attitude were developed specifically for the study. These instruments were administrated to monitor the development of ethnic identity of children whose age was 4,5,7,9 or 11. The study was a developmental research of cross-sectional approach in nature. The main findings in the study were: 1. Children in the age of 4-5 and 7-9-11 had quite different behaviors. In each group, children performed rather similar behaviors. 2. Along with their age getting older, Amis children's ethnic awareness, ethnic differentiation, ethnic self-identification, ethnic behaviors and ethnic distance were scored higher. 3. Amis children's ethnic differentiation was scored higher than Han's. However, their ethnic awareness was scored lower than Han's. 4. Amis children's ethnic images toward Han Children were more positive than those toward Amis children. Amis children preferred being Han people to being Amis. Han's children were the first choice as playmate for Amis children. 5. Most Amis children held affirmatory identity toward their own ethnic group. However, about 14-22% Amis children were in a ethnic identity diffusion situation. 6. Only 17% of Amis children often spoke Amis language in their family. There was rather proportion of Amis children who were not familiar with their ethnic culture.